InventorName
Summary of Invention
Field
Product or Process
Born (alpha by last name)
1856 Edward Goodrich Acheson Production of Artificial Crystalline Carbonaceous Materials and Carborundum Chem Carborundum
1878 Ernst F. W. Alexanderson High-Frequency Alternator Telcom Radio
1904 Andrew Alford Localizer Antenna System Telcom Localizer Antenna System
1911 Luis Walter Alvarez Radio Distance and Direction Indicator Telcom Radio Distance and Direction Indicator
1890 Edwin Howard Armstrong Method of Receiving High-Frequency Oscillations Telcom Radio
1832 George Babcock Improvement in Steam Generators Energy Steam Generator
1863 Leo Hendrik Baekeland Method of Making Insoluble Products of Phenol and Formaldehyde Chem Bakelite
1921 Robert Banks Polymers and Production Thereof Chem HDPE and Polypropylene Plastics
1908 John Bardeen Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductors Chem Transistor
1910 William B. Shockley Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductors Chem Transistor
1902 Walter Brattain Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductors Chem Transistor
1900 Arnold O. Beckman Apparatus for Testing Acidity Elec pH Meter
1905 S. Joseph Begun Electromagnetic Talking Device; Electromagnetic Talking Machine Elec Magnetic Recording
1847 Alexander Graham Bell Telephone / Telegraphy Telcom Telephone / Telegraphy
1903 Willard H. Bennett Radio Frequency Mass Spectrometer Telcom Radio Frequency Mass Spectrometer
1851 Emile Berliner Gramophone; Combined Telegraph and Telephone Elec Gramophone / Microphone
1947 Gerd Karl Binnig Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tool Scanning Tunneling Microscope
1921 Forrest M. Bird Fluid Control Device; Respirator; Pediatric Ventilator Med Respirator / Ventilator
1898 Harold Stephen Black Wave Translation System Telcom Negative Feedback Amplifier
1925 Baruch S. Blumberg Vaccine Against Viral Hepatitis and Process; Process of Viral Diagnosis and Reagent Med Vaccine for Hepatitis B
1936 Robert Bower Field-Effect Device with Insulated Gate; Self Aligned Gate MOSFET Elec Field-Effect Device with Insulated Gate; Self Aligned Gate MOSFET
1936 Herb Boyer Process for Producing Biologically Functional Molecular Chimeras Med Genetic Engineering
1898 Rachel Fuller Brown Nystatin and Method of Producing It Med Nystatin (Antifungal / Antibiotic)
1849 Luther Burbank Peach and Fruit Ag Peach and Fruit
1912 Joseph H. Burckhalter Isothiocyanate Compounds and Means of Producing the Same Med Isothiocyanate Compounds (Antigen)
1857 William Seward Burroughs Calculating Machine Tool Calculator
1865 William Meriam Burton Manufacture of Gasoline Chem Catalytic Cracking
1904 Donald L. Campbell Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1916 Marvin Camras Method and Means of Magnetic Recording Elec Magnetic Recording
1906 Chester F. Carlson Electrophotography Elec Electrophotography (Xerox) / Instant Copying
1896 Wallace Hume Carothers Diamine-Dicarboxylic Acid Salts and Process of Preparing Same; Synthetic Fiber Chem Synthetic Rubber
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier Apparatus for Treating Air Home Air Conditioner
1860 George Washington Carver Crop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in soil Ag New uses for peanuts, tomatoes, other southern crops
1935 Stan Cohen Process for Producing Biologically Functional Molecular Chimeras Med Genetic Engineering
1923 Frank B. Colton Estradiene Compounds Med Oral Contraceptives
1923 Lloyd H. Conover Tetracycline Med Tetracycline
1873 William D. Coolidge Vacuum Tube (X-Ray) Elec Vacuum Tube (X-Ray)
1877 Frederick G. Cottrell Art of Separating Suspended Particles from Gaseous Bodies Chem Electrostatic Precipitator
1925 Seymour Cray Computer Vector Register Processing Comp Supercomputer
1936 Raymond V. Damadian Apparatus and Method for Detecting Cancer in Tissue Med MRI
1907 George de Mestral Velvet Type Fabric and Method of Producing the Same Home Velcro
1957 Mark Dean Microcomputer System with Bus Control Means for Peripheral Processing Devices Comp Peripherals
1804 John Deere Improvement in Plows Ag Plows
1873 Lee Deforest Space Telegraphy Telcom Radio
1932 Robert Dennard Field-Effect Transistor Memory Comp DRAM
1858 Rudolf Diesel Internal-Combustion Engine Tool Internal-Combustion Engine
1901 Walt Disney Multiplane Camera Video Multiplane Camera
1923 Carl Djerassi Oral Contraceptives Med Oral Contraceptives
1866 Herbert Henry Dow Process of Extracting Bromine Chem Bromine Extraction
1901 Charles Stark Draper Gyroscopic Apparatus Tool Stabilizing Gyroscpic
1934 Graham John Durant Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1854 George Eastman Method and Apparatus for Coating Plates for use in Photography Photo Photography
1903 Harold E. Edgerton Stroboscope Photo Photography
1837 Edison , Thomas Alva Electric Lamp Elec Electric
1918 Gertrude Belle Elion 2-Amino-6-Mercaptopurine Med Anti-Leukemia drugs
1939 John Colin Emmett Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1925 Douglas Engelbart X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System Comp Computer Mouse
1803 John Ericsson Propelling Steam Vessels Tool Screw Propeller
1941 Federico Faggin Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1906 Philo Taylor Farnsworth Television System Video Cathode-Ray Tube
1934 James Fergason Display Devices Utilizing Liquid Crystal Light Modulation Video Liquid Crystal Display
1901 Enrico Fermi Neutronic Reactor Energy Nuclear Fission
1866 Reginald Fessenden Apparatus for Signaling by Electromagnetic Waves Telcom Radio
1934 Thomas Fogarty Embolectomy Catheter Med Embolectomy Catheter
1863 Henry Ford Transmission Mechanism Tool Automobile
1918 Jay W. Forrester Multicoordinate Digital Information Storage Device Comp Random Access Memory
1913 Alfred Free Composition of Matter Med Glucose Detection for Diabetes
1934 Charon Robin Ganellin Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1901 Edmund Germer Discharge Device; Metal Vapor Lamp Home Fluorescent Lamp
1920 Charles P. Ginsburg Broad Band Magnetic Tape Systems and Method Elec Video Tape Recording
1882 Robert Hutchings Goddard Control Mechanism for Rocket Apparatus Energy Solid Fuel Rockets
1800 Charles Goodyear Improvements in India-Rubber Fabrics Chem Vulcanization of Rubber
1920 Gordon Gould Optically Pumped Laser Amplifiers; Light Amplifiers Employing Collisions to Produce a Population Inversion Optics Laser
1919 Wilson Greatbatch Medical Cardiac Pacemaker Med Implantable Pacemaker
1918 Leonard Michael Greene Stall Warning Device for Airplanes Tool Aircraft Stall Warning Device
1863 Charles Martin Hall Manufacture of Aluminum Ind Aluminum
1919 Robert N. Hall Asymmetrically Conductive Device and Method of Making the Same Elec Magnetron
1908 William Edward Hanford Process for Making Polymeric Products and for Modifying Polymeric Products Chem Polyurethane
1885 Elizabeth Lee Hazen Nystatin and Method of Producing It Med Nystatin (Antifungal / Antibiotic)
1913 William R. Hewlett Variable Frequency Oscillation Generator Telcom Audio Signals
1902 Rene Alphonse Higonnet Photo Composing Machine Photo Photo Composing Machine
1915 James Hillier Electron Lens Correction Device Tool Electron Microscope
1937 Marcian E. (Ted) Hoff Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1919 Paul Hogan Polymers and Production Thereof Chem HDPE and Polypropylene Plastics
1860 Herman Hollerith Art of Compiling Statistics; Apparatus for Compiling Statistics Comp Punch Card Tabulator
1910 Donald Fletcher Holmes Process for Making Polymeric Products and for Modifying Polymeric Products Chem Polyurethane
1892 Eugene Houdry Process for the Manufacture of Liquid Fuels Energy Catalytic Cracking
1903 J. Franklin Hyde Method of Making a Transparent Article of Silica Optics Transparent Silica
1899 Percy Lavon Julian Preparation of Cortisone Med Cortisone
1941 Donald B. Keck Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1876 Charles Franklin Kettering Engine Starting Device; Engine Starting, Lighting and Ignition System Ind Automobile
1923 Jack S. Kilby Miniaturized Electronic Circuits Comp Integrated Circuit
1911 Willem J. Kolff Soft Shell Mushroom Shaped Heart Med Artificial Heart
1889 William Kroll Method for Manufacturing Titanium and Alloys Thereof Ind Titanium
1923 Stephanie Louise Kwolek Optically Anisotropic Aromatic Polyamide Dopes and Oriented Fibers Therefrom Home Kevlar
1909 Edwin Herbert Land Photographic Product Comprising a Rupturable Container Carrying a Photographic Processing Liquid Photo Photography
1881 Irving Langmuir Incandescent Electric Lamp Elec Electric Lamp
1901 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions Chem Cyclotron
1902 William P. Lear Radio Apparatus Telcom Car Radio
1926 Robert S. Ledley Diagnostic X-Ray System Med CAT Scan
1927 Theodore Harold Maiman Ruby Laser Systems Tool Laser
1874 Guglielmo Marconi Transmitting Electrical Signals Telcom Radio
1910 Homer Z. Martin Method of and Apparatus For Contacting Solids And Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1924 Robert D. Maurer Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1941 Stanley Mazor Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1809 Cyrus Hall McCormick Improvement in Machines for Reaping Small Grain Ag Mechanical Reaper
1844 Elijah McCoy Improvement in Lubricators for Steam-Engines Ind Automatic Engine Lubricator
1854 Ottmar Mergenthaler Machine for Producing Printing Bars Ind Linotype
1923 Irving Millman Vaccine Against Viral Hepatitis and Process; Process of Viral Diagnosis and Reagent Med Vaccine for Hepatitis B
1950 Dennis Moeller Microcomputer System with Bus Control Means for Peripheral Processing Devices Comp Peripherals
1939 Bryan B. Molloy Aryloxyphenylpropylamines Med Prozac
1791 Samuel F. B. Morse Improvement in the Mode of Communicating Information by Signals by the Application of Electro-Magnetism Telcom Telegraph
1899 Andrew J. Moyer Method for Production of Penicillin Med Penicillin
1914 Louis Marius Moyroud Photo Composing Machine Photo Photo Composing Machine
1944 Kary Mullis Process for Amplifying Nucleic Acid Sequences Chem Polymerase Chain Reacton
1898 Eger V. Murphree Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1878 Julius Nieuwland Vinyl Derivatives of Acetylene and Method of Preparing the Same Chem Synthetic Rubber
1833 Alfred Nobel Improved Explosive Compounds Energy Dynamite
1927 Robert N. Noyce Semiconductor Device-and-Lead Structure Comp Integrated Circuit
1926 Kenneth H. Olsen Magnetic Core Memory Comp Magnetic Core Memory
1811 Elisha Graves Otis Improvement in Hoisting Apparatus Ind Elevator Brake
1832 Nicolaus August Otto Gas-Motor Engine Ind Gas-Motor Engine
1906 Louis W. Parker Television Receiver Video Television
1913 John T. Parsons Motor Controlled Apparatus for Positioning Machine Tool Tool Numerical Control
1822 Louis Pasteur Improvement in Brewing Beer and Ale Ag Pasteurization
1915 Charles J. Plank Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons with a Crystalline Zeolite Catalyst Composite Chem Catalytic Cracking
1910 Roy J. Plunkett Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers Home Teflon
1922 Robert H. Rines Electric System; Microwave Scanning System; Sound Ranging System Telcom High Resolution Radar and Sonar
1933 Heinrich Rohrer Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tool Scanning Tunneling Microscope
1921 Edward J. Rosinski Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons with a Crystalline Zeolite Catalyst Composite Chem Catalytic Cracking
1917 Benjamin A. Rubin Pronged Vaccinating and Testing Needle Med Pronged Vaccinating Needle
1917 Lewis Hastings Sarett Process of Treating Pregnene Compounds Med Cortisone
1921 Arthur Schawlow Masers and Maser Communications System Optics Laser
1939 Klaus K. Schmiegel Aryloxyphenylpropylamines Med Prozac
1942 Peter C. Schultz Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1925 Robert J. Seiwald Isothiocyanate Compounds and Means of Producing the Same Med Isothiocyanate Compounds (Antigen)
1898 Waldo L. Semon Synthetic Rubber-like Composition and Method of Making Same; Method of Preparing Polyvinyl Halide Products Chem Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
1931 Gerhard M. Sessler Electroacoustic Transducer Elec Electret Microphone
1915 John C. Sheehan Displacement of the Thiazolidine Ring in Penicillin with the Formation of a Biologically Active Cephem System Med Penicillin
1930 Patsy Sherman Block and Graft Copolymers Containing Water Solvatable Polar Groups and Fluoroaliphatic Groups Home Scotchgard (TM) Textile Proctector
1819 Christopher Sholes Type Writing Machine Tool Typewriter
1889 Igor I. Sikorsky Direct-Lift Aircraft; Helicopter and Controls Therefor Ind Helicopter
1927 Samuel Smith Block and Graft Copolymers Containing Water Solvatable Polar Groups and Fluoroaliphatic Groups Home Scotchgard (TM) Textile Proctector
1894 Percy Lebaron Spencer High Efficiency Magnetron Elec Magnetron
1860 Elmer Ambrose Sperry Ship's Gyroscopic-Compass Set Tool Gyroscopic Compass
1858 William Stanley Induction Coil / Transformer Elec Alternating Current
1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz System of Distribution by Alternating Currents Elec Alternating Current
1904 George R. Stibitz Complex Computer Comp Digital Computer
1898 Leo Szilard Neutronic Reactor / Nuclear Fission Energy Neutronic Reactor / Nuclear Fission
1900 Donalee L. Tabern Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives Med Pentothal / Anesthesia
1856 Nikola Tesla Electro-Magnetic Motor Elec Alternating Current
1831 Henry Timken Roller Bearing for Vehicles; Roller Bearing Ind Tapered Roller Bearings
1906 Max Tishler Alloxazines and Isoalloxazinesand Processes for their Production; 2-Sulphanilamido-quinoxaline Med Vitamins
1915 Charles Hard Townes Production of Electromagnetic Energy; Masers and Maser Communications System Optics Laser
1905 Charles W. Tyson Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1893 Ernest H. Volwiler Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives Med Pentothal / Anesthesia
1920 An Wang Pulse Transfer Controlling Device Comp Magnetic Core Memory
1931 James E. West Electroacoustic Transducer Elec Electret Microphone
1846 George Westinghouse Improvement in Steam-Power Brake Devices Elec Alternating Current
1765 Eli Whitney Cotton Gin Ag Cotton Gin
1830 Stephen Wilcox Improvement in Steam Generators Tool Steam Generator
1886 Robert R. Williams Process for Obtaining Vitamins Med Vitamins
1950 Steve Wozniak Microcomputer for Use with Video Display Comp Personal Computer
1871 Orville Wright Flying-Machine Ind Airplane
1867 Wilbur Wright Flying-Machine Ind Airplane
1889 Vladimir Kosma Zworykin Cathode-Ray Tube Video Cathode-Ray Tube