Inventors Hall of Fame Summary Sorted by Industry and Year of Birth
Birth Inventor Invention Description Ind Invent Sum
1765 Eli Whitney Born Dec 8 1765 - Died Jan 8 1825 Cotton Gin Ag Cotton Gin
1804 John Deere Born Feb 7 1804 - Died May 17 1886 Improvement in Plows Ag Plows
1809 Cyrus Hall McCormick Born Feb 15 1809 - Died May 13 1884 Improvement in Machines for Reaping Small Grain Ag Mechanical Reaper
1822 Louis Pasteur Born Dec 27 1822 - Died Sep 28 1895 Improvement in Brewing Beer and Ale Ag Pasteurization
1849 Luther Burbank Born Mar 7 1849 - Died Apr 11 1926 Peach and Fruit Ag Peach and Fruit
1860 George Washington Carver Born Jan 1 1860 - Died Jan 5 1943 Cosmetic and Process of Producing the Same; Paint and Stain and Process of Producing the Same Peanut Products Ag Agricultural chemist George Washington Carver developedcrop-rotation methods for conserving nutrients in soil and discovered hundreds of new uses for crops such as the peanut, which created new markets for farmers, especially in the South.
1800 Charles Goodyear Born Dec 29 1800 - Died Jul 1 1860 Improvements in India-Rubber Fabrics Chem Vulcanization of Rubber
1856 Edward Goodrich Acheson Born Mar 9 1856 - Died Jul 6 1931 Production of Artificial Crystalline Carbonaceous Materials and Carborundum Chem Carborundum
1863 Leo Hendrik Baekeland Born Nov 14 1863 - Died Feb 23 1944 Method of Making Insoluble Products of Phenol and Formaldehyde Chem Bakelite
1866 Herbert Henry Dow Born Feb 26 1866 - Died Oct 16 1930 Process of Extracting Bromine Chem Bromine Extraction
1865 William Meriam Burton Born Nov 17 1865 - Died Dec 29 1954 Manufacture of Gasoline Chem Catalytic Cracking
1898 Eger V. Murphree Born Nov 3 1898 - Died Oct 29 1962 Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1904 Donald L. Campbell Born Aug 5 1904 Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1905 Charles W. Tyson Born Mar 14 1905 - Died May 30 1905 Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1910 Homer Z. Martin Born Nov 20 1910 - Died Sep 1 1993 Method of and Apparatus For Contacting Solids And Gases Chem Catalytic Cracking
1915 Charles J. Plank Born Nov 8 1915 - Died Oct 23 1989 Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons with a Crystalline Zeolite Catalyst Composite Chem Catalytic Cracking
1921 Edward J. Rosinski Born Aug 12 1921 - Died May 4 2000 Catalytic Cracking of Hydrocarbons with a Crystalline Zeolite Catalyst Composite Chem Catalytic Cracking
1877 Frederick G. Cottrell Born Jan 10 1877 - Died Nov 16 1948 Art of Separating Suspended Particles from Gaseous Bodies Chem Electrostatic Precipitator
1919 Paul Hogan Born Aug 7 1919 Polymers and Production Thereof Chem HDPE and Polypropylene Plastics
1921 Robert Banks Born Nov 24 1921 - Died Jan 3 1989 Polymers and Production Thereof Chem HDPE and Polypropylene Plastics
1896 Wallace Hume Carothers Born Apr 27 1896 - Died Apr 29 1937 Diamine-Dicarboxylic Acid Salts and Process of Preparing Same; Synthetic Fiber Chem Nylon Synthetic Fiber
1908 William Edward Hanford Born Dec 9 1908 - Died Jan 27 1996 Process for Making Polymeric Products and for Modifying Polymeric Products Chem Polyurethane
1910 Donald Fletcher Holmes Born Sep 29 1910 - Died Oct 13 1980 Process for Making Polymeric Products and for Modifying Polymeric Products Chem Polyurethane
1898 Waldo L. Semon Born Sep 10 1898 - Died May 26 1999 Synthetic Rubber-like Composition and Method of Making Same; Method of Preparing Polyvinyl Halide Products Chem Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
1878 Julius Nieuwland Born Feb 14 1878 - Died Jun 11 1936 Vinyl Derivatives of Acetylene and Method of Preparing the Same Chem Synthetic Rubber
1944 Kary Mullis Born Dec 28 1944 Process for Amplifying Nucleic Acid Sequences Chem Polymerase Chain Reacton
1860 Herman Hollerith Born Feb 29 1860 - Died Nov 17 1929 Art of Compiling Statistics; Apparatus for Compiling Statistics Comp Punch Card Tabulator
1904 George R. Stibitz Born Apr 30 1904 - Died Jan 31 1995 Complex Computer Comp Digital Computer
1918 Jay W. Forrester Born Jul 14 1918 Multicoordinate Digital Information Storage Device Comp Random Access Memory
1920 An Wang Born Feb 7 1920 - Died Mar 24 1990 Pulse Transfer Controlling Device Comp Magnetic Core Memory
1923 Jack S. Kilby Born Nov 8 1923 Miniaturized Electronic Circuits Comp Integrated Circuit
1925 Douglas Engelbart Born Jan 30 1925 X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System Comp Computer Mouse
1925 Seymour Cray Born Sep 28 1925 - Died Oct 5 1996 Computer Vector Register Processing Comp Supercomputer
1926 Kenneth H. Olsen Born Feb 20 1926 Magnetic Core Memory Comp Magnetic Core Memory
1927 Robert N. Noyce Born Dec 12 1927 - Died Jun 3 1990 Semiconductor Device-and-Lead Structure Comp Integrated Circuit
1932 Robert Dennard Born Sep 5 1932 Field-Effect Transistor Memory Comp DRAM
1937 Marcian E. (Ted) Hoff Born Oct 28 1937 Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1941 Federico Faggin Born Dec 1 1941 Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1941 Stanley Mazor Born Oct 22 1941 Memory System for a Multi-Chip Digital Computer Comp CPU
1950 Dennis Moeller Born Apr 28 1950 Microcomputer System with Bus Control Means for Peripheral Processing Devices Comp Peripherals
1950 Steve Wozniak Born Aug 11 1950 Microcomputer for Use with Video Display Comp Personal Computer
1957 Mark Dean Born Mar 2 1957 Microcomputer System with Bus Control Means for Peripheral Processing Devices Comp Peripherals
1837 Edison , Thomas Alva Born 1837 - Died 1931 Electric Lamp Elec Electric
1846 George Westinghouse Born Oct 6 1846 - Died Mar 12 1914 Improvement in Steam-Power Brake Devices Elec Alternating Current
1851 Emile Berliner Born May 20 1851 - Died Aug 3 1929 Gramophone; Combined Telegraph and Telephone Elec Gramophone / Microphone
1856 Nikola Tesla Born Jul 10 1856 - Died Jan 7 1943 Electro-Magnetic Motor Elec Alternating Current
1858 William Stanley Born Nov 28 1858 - Died May 14 1916 Induction Coil / Transformer Elec Alternating Current
1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz Born Apr 9 1865 - Died Oct 26 1923 System of Distribution by Alternating Currents Elec Alternating Current
1873 William D. Coolidge Born Oct 23 1873 - Died Feb 4 1975 Vacuum Tube (X-Ray) Elec Vacuum Tube (X-Ray)
1881 Irving Langmuir Born Jan 31 1881 - Died Aug 16 1957 Incandescent Electric Lamp Elec Electric Lamp
1894 Percy Lebaron Spencer Born Jul 19 1894 - Died Sep 8 1970 High Efficiency Magnetron Elec Magnetron
1900 Arnold O. Beckman Born Apr 10 1900 Apparatus for Testing Acidity Elec pH Meter
1901 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Born Aug 8 1901 - Died Aug 27 1958 Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions Elec Cyclotron
1931 James E. West Born Feb 10 1931 Electroacoustic Transducer Elec Electret Microphone
1931 Gerhard M. Sessler Born Feb 15 1931 Electroacoustic Transducer Elec Electret Microphone
1906 Chester F. Carlson Born Feb 8 1906 - Died Sep 19 1968 Electrophotography Elec Electrophotography (Xerox) / Instant Copying
1936 Robert Bower Born Jun 12 1936 Field-Effect Device with Insulated Gate; Self Aligned Gate MOSFET Elec Field-Effect Device with Insulated Gate; Self Aligned Gate MOSFET
1905 S. Joseph Begun Born Dec 2 1905 - Died Jan 5 1995 Electromagnetic Talking Device; Electromagnetic Talking Machine Elec Magnetic Recording
1916 Marvin Camras Born Jan 1 1916 - Died Jun 23 1995 Method and Means of Magnetic Recording Elec Magnetic Recording
1919 Robert N. Hall Born Dec 25 1919 Asymmetrically Conductive Device and Method of Making the Same Elec Magnetron
1902 Walter Brattain Born Feb 10 1902 - Died Oct 13 1987 Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductive Materials Elec Transistor
1908 John Bardeen Born May 23 1908 - Died Jan 30 1991 Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductive Materials Elec Transistor
1910 William B. Shockley Born Feb 13 1910 - Died Aug 12 1989 Semiconductor Amplifier; Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductive Materials Elec Transistor
1832 George Babcock Born Jun 17 1832 - Died Dec 16 1893 Improvement in Steam Generators Energy Steam Generator
1833 Alfred Nobel Born Oct 21 1833 - Died Dec 10 1896 Improved Explosive Compounds Energy Dynamite
1882 Robert Hutchings Goddard Born Oct 5 1882 - Died Aug 10 1945 Control Mechanism for Rocket Apparatus Energy Solid Fuel Rockets
1892 Eugene Houdry Born Apr 18 1892 - Died Jul 18 1962 Process for the Manufacture of Liquid Fuels Energy Catalytic Cracking
1898 Leo Szilard Born Feb 11 1898 - Died May 30 1964 Neutronic Reactor / Nuclear Fission Energy Neutronic Reactor / Nuclear Fission
1901 Enrico Fermi Born Sep 29 1901 - Died Nov 28 1954 Neutronic Reactor Energy Nuclear Fission
1876 Willis Haviland Carrier Born Nov 26 1876 - Died Oct 9 1950 Apparatus for Treating Air Home Air Conditioner
1901 Edmund Germer Born Aug 24 1901 - Died Aug 10 1987 Discharge Device; Metal Vapor Lamp Home Fluorescent Lamp
1907 George de Mestral Born Jun 19 1907 - Died Feb 8 1990 Velvet Type Fabric and Method of Producing the Same Home Velcro
1910 Roy J. Plunkett Born Jun 26 1910 - Died May 12 1994 Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers Home Teflon
1923 Stephanie Louise Kwolek Born Jul 31 1923 Optically Anisotropic Aromatic Polyamide Dopes and Oriented Fibers Therefrom Home Kevlar
1927 Samuel Smith Born Sep 13 1927 Block and Graft Copolymers Containing Water Solvatable Polar Groups and Fluoroaliphatic Groups Home Scotchgard (TM) Textile Proctector
1930 Patsy Sherman Born Sep 15 1930 Block and Graft Copolymers Containing Water Solvatable Polar Groups and Fluoroaliphatic Groups Home Scotchgard (TM) Textile Proctector
1811 Elisha Graves Otis Born Aug 3 1811 - Died Apr 8 1861 Improvement in Hoisting Apparatus Ind Elevator Brake
1854 Ottmar Mergenthaler Born May 10 1854 - Died Oct 28 1899 Machine for Producing Printing Bars Ind Linotype
1863 Charles Martin Hall Born Dec 6 1863 - Died Dec 27 1914 Manufacture of Aluminum Ind Aluminum
1889 William Kroll Born Nov 24 1889 - Died Mar 30 1973 Method for Manufacturing Titanium and Alloys Thereof Ind Titanium
1885 Elizabeth Lee Hazen Born Aug 24 1885 - Died Jun 24 1975 Nystatin and Method of Producing It Med Nystatin (Antifungal / Antibiotic)
1886 Robert R. Williams Born Feb 16 1886 - Died Oct 2 1965 Process for Obtaining Vitamins Med Vitamins
1893 Ernest H. Volwiler Born Aug 22 1893 - Died Oct 3 1992 Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives Med Pentothal / Anesthesia
1898 Rachel Fuller Brown Born Nov 23 1898 - Died Jan 14 1980 Nystatin and Method of Producing It Med Nystatin (Antifungal / Antibiotic)
1899 Percy Lavon Julian Born Apr 11 1899 - Died Apr 19 1975 Preparation of Cortisone Med Cortisone
1899 Andrew J. Moyer Born Nov 30 1899 - Died Feb 17 1959 Method for Production of Penicillin Med Penicillin
1900 Donalee L. Tabern Born Jan 27 1900 - Died Dec 31 1974 Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives Med Pentothal / Anesthesia
1906 Max Tishler Born Oct 30 1906 - Died Mar 18 1989 Alloxazines and Isoalloxazinesand Processes for their Production; 2-Sulphanilamido-quinoxaline Med Vitamins
1911 Willem J. Kolff Born Feb 14 1911 Soft Shell Mushroom Shaped Heart Med Artificial Heart
1912 Joseph H. Burckhalter Born Oct 9 1912 Isothiocyanate Compounds and Means of Producing the Same Med Isothiocyanate Compounds (Antigen)
1913 Alfred Free Born Apr 11 1913 - Died May 15 2000 Composition of Matter Med Glucose Detection for Diabetes
1915 John C. Sheehan Born Sep 23 1915 - Died Mar 21 1992 Displacement of the Thiazolidine Ring in Penicillin with the Formation of a Biologically Active Cephem System Med Penicillin
1917 Lewis Hastings Sarett Born Dec 22 1917 - Died Nov 28 1999 Process of Treating Pregnene Compounds Med Cortisone
1917 Benjamin A. Rubin Born Sep 27 1917 Pronged Vaccinating and Testing Needle Med Pronged Vaccinating Needle
1918 Gertrude Belle Elion Born Jan 23 1918 - Died Feb 21 1999 2-Amino-6-Mercaptopurine Med Anti-Leukemia drugs
1919 Wilson Greatbatch Born Sep 6 1919 Medical Cardiac Pacemaker Med Implantable Pacemaker
1921 Forrest M. Bird Born Jun 9 1921 Fluid Control Device; Respirator; Pediatric Ventilator Med Respirator / Ventilator
1923 Lloyd H. Conover Born Jun 13 1923 Tetracycline Med Tetracycline
1923 Frank B. Colton Born Mar 3 1923 Estradiene Compounds Med Oral Contraceptives
1923 Irving Millman Born May 23 1923 Vaccine Against Viral Hepatitis and Process; Process of Viral Diagnosis and Reagent Med Vaccine for Hepatitis B
1923 Carl Djerassi Born Oct 29 1923 Oral Contraceptives Med Oral Contraceptives
1925 Baruch S. Blumberg Born Jul 28 1925 Vaccine Against Viral Hepatitis and Process; Process of Viral Diagnosis and Reagent Med Vaccine for Hepatitis B
1925 Robert J. Seiwald Born Mar 26 1925 Isothiocyanate Compounds and Means of Producing the Same Med Isothiocyanate Compounds (Antigen)
1926 Robert S. Ledley Born Jun 28 1926 Diagnostic X-Ray System Med CAT Scan
1934 Thomas Fogarty Born Feb 25 1934 Embolectomy Catheter Med Embolectomy Catheter
1934 Charon Robin Ganellin Born Jan 25 1934 Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1934 Graham John Durant Born Mar 14 1934 Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1935 Stan Cohen Born Feb 17 1935 Process for Producing Biologically Functional Molecular Chimeras Med Genetic Engineering
1936 Herb Boyer Born Jul 10 1936 Process for Producing Biologically Functional Molecular Chimeras Med Genetic Engineering
1936 Raymond V. Damadian Born Mar 16 1936 Apparatus and Method for Detecting Cancer in Tissue Med MRI
1939 John Colin Emmett Born Apr 27 1939 Pharmacologically Active Guanidine Compounds Med Tagamet - Cimetidine
1939 Klaus K. Schmiegel Born Jun 28 1939 Aryloxyphenylpropylamines Med Prozac
1939 Bryan B. Molloy Born Mar 30 1939 Aryloxyphenylpropylamines Med Prozac
1903 J. Franklin Hyde Born Mar 11 1903 - Died Oct 11 1999 Method of Making a Transparent Article of Silica Optics Transparent Silica
1915 Charles Hard Townes Born Jul 28 1915 Production of Electromagnetic Energy; Masers and Maser Communications System Optics Laser
1920 Gordon Gould Born Jul 17 1920 Optically Pumped Laser Amplifiers; Light Amplifiers Employing Collisions to Produce a Population Inversion Optics Laser
1921 Arthur Schawlow Born May 5 1921 - Died Apr 28 1999 Masers and Maser Communications System Optics Laser
1924 Robert D. Maurer Born Jul 20 1924 Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1941 Donald B. Keck Born Jan 2 1941 Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1942 Peter C. Schultz Born Dec 3 1942 Fused Silica Optical Waveguide; Method of Producing Optical Waveguide Fibers Optics Optical Fibers
1854 George Eastman Born Jul 12 1854 - Died Mar 14 1932 Method and Apparatus for Coating Plates for use in Photography Photo Photography
1902 Rene Alphonse Higonnet Born Apr 5 1902 - Died Oct 13 1983 Photo Composing Machine Photo Photo Composing Machine
1903 Harold E. Edgerton Born Apr 6 1903 - Died Jan 4 1990 Stroboscope Photo Photography
1909 Edwin Herbert Land Born May 7 1909 - Died Mar 1 1991 Photographic Product Comprising a Rupturable Container Carrying a Photographic Processing Liquid Photo Photography
1914 Louis Marius Moyroud Born Feb 16 1914 Photo Composing Machine Photo Photo Composing Machine
1791 Samuel F. B. Morse Born Apr 27 1791 - Died Apr 2 1872 Improvement in the Mode of Communicating Information by Signals by the Application of Electro-Magnetism Telcom Telegraph
1847 Alexander Graham Bell Born Mar 3 1847 - Died Aug 2 1922 Telephone / Telegraphy Telcom Telephone / Telegraphy
1866 Reginald Fessenden Born Oct 6 1866 - Died Jul 22 1932 Apparatus for Signaling by Electromagnetic Waves Telcom Radio
1873 Lee Deforest Born Aug 26 1873 - Died Jun 30 1961 Space Telegraphy Telcom Radio
1874 Guglielmo Marconi Born Apr 25 1874 - Died Jul 20 1937 Transmitting Electrical Signals Telcom Radio
1878 Ernst F. W. Alexanderson Born Jan 25 1878 - Died May 14 1975 High-Frequency Alternator Telcom Radio
1890 Edwin Howard Armstrong Born Dec 18 1890 - Died Feb 1 1954 Method of Receiving High-Frequency Oscillations Telcom Radio
1898 Harold Stephen Black Born Apr 14 1898 - Died Dec 11 1983 Wave Translation System Telcom Negative Feedback Amplifier
1902 William P. Lear Born Jun 26 1902 - Died May 14 1978 Radio Apparatus Telcom Car Radio
1903 Willard H. Bennett Born Jun 13 1903 - Died Sep 28 1987 Radio Frequency Mass Spectrometer Telcom Radio Frequency Mass Spectrometer
1904 Andrew Alford Born Aug 5 1904 - Died Jan 25 1992 Localizer Antenna System Telcom Localizer Antenna System
1911 Luis Walter Alvarez Born Jun 13 1911 - Died Sep 1 1988 Radio Distance and Direction Indicator Telcom Radio Distance and Direction Indicator
1913 William R. Hewlett Born May 20 1913 - Died Jan 12 2001 Variable Frequency Oscillation Generator Telcom Audio Signals
1922 Robert H. Rines Born Aug 30 1922 Electric System; Microwave Scanning System; Sound Ranging System Telcom High Resolution Radar and Sonar
1819 Christopher Sholes Born Feb 14 1819 - Died Feb 17 1890 Type Writing Machine Tool Typewriter
1830 Stephen Wilcox Born Feb 12 1830 - Died Nov 27 1893 Improvement in Steam Generators Tool Steam Generator
1857 William Seward Burroughs Born Jan 28 1857 - Died Sep 14 1898 Calculating Machine Tool Calculator
1913 John T. Parsons Born Oct 11 1913 Motor Controlled Apparatus for Positioning Machine Tool Tool Numerical Control
1915 James Hillier Born Aug 22 1915 Electron Lens Correction Device Tool Electron Microscope
1927 Theodore Harold Maiman Born Jul 11 1927 Ruby Laser Systems Tool Laser
1933 Heinrich Rohrer Born Jun 6 1933 Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tool Scanning Tunneling Microscope
1947 Gerd Karl Binnig Born Jul 20 1947 Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tool Scanning Tunneling Microscope
1803 John Ericsson Born Jul 31 1803 - Died Mar 8 1889 Propelling Steam Vessels Trans Screw Propeller
1831 Henry Timken Born Aug 16 1831 - Died Mar 16 1909 Roller Bearing for Vehicles; Roller Bearing Trans Tapered Roller Bearings
1832 Nicolaus August Otto Born Jun 10 1832 - Died Jan 26 1891 Gas-Motor Engine Trans Gas-Motor Engine
1844 Elijah McCoy Born May 2 1844 - Died Oct 10 1929 Improvement in Lubricators for Steam-Engines Trans Automatic Engine Lubricator
1858 Rudolf Diesel Born Mar 18 1858 - Died Sep 29 1913 Internal-Combustion Engine Trans Internal-Combustion Engine
1860 Elmer Ambrose Sperry Born Oct 12 1860 - Died Jun 16 1930 Ship's Gyroscopic-Compass Set Trans Gyroscopic Compass
1863 Henry Ford Born Jul 30 1863 - Died Apr 7 1947 Transmission Mechanism Trans Automobile
1867 Wilbur Wright Born Apr 16 1867 - Died May 30 1912 Flying-Machine Trans Airplane
1871 Orville Wright Born Aug 19 1871 - Died Jan 30 1948 Flying-Machine Trans Airplane
1876 Charles Franklin Kettering Born Aug 29 1876 - Died Nov 25 1958 Engine Starting Device; Engine Starting, Lighting and Ignition System Trans Automobile
1889 Igor I. Sikorsky Born May 25 1889 - Died Oct 26 1972 Direct-Lift Aircraft; Helicopter and Controls Therefor Trans Helicopter
1901 Charles Stark Draper Born Oct 2 1901 - Died Jul 25 1987 Gyroscopic Apparatus Trans Stabilizing Gyroscpic
1918 Leonard Michael Greene Born Jun 8 1918 Stall Warning Device for Airplanes Trans Aircraft Stall Warning Device
1889 Vladimir Kosma Zworykin Born Jul 30 1889 - Died Jul 29 1982 Cathode-Ray Tube Video Cathode-Ray Tube
1901 Walt Disney Born Dec 5 1901 - Died Dec 15 1966 Multiplane Camera Video Multiplane Camera
1906 Philo Taylor Farnsworth Born Aug 19 1906 - Died Mar 11 1971 Television System Video Cathode-Ray Tube
1906 Louis W. Parker Born Jan 1 1906 - Died Jun 21 1993 Television Receiver Video Television
1934 James Fergason Born Jan 12 1934 Display Devices Utilizing Liquid Crystal Light Modulation Video Liquid Crystal Display
1920 Charles P. Ginsburg Born Jul 27 1920 - Died Apr 9 1992 Broad Band Magnetic Tape Systems and Method Video Video Tape Recording