Builders of 20th Century America Public Works

Internet Links to Builders Course Syllabus Topics by Category

 I. Transportation

Roads and Highways

1a NY West Side Highway http://www.nycroads.com/roads/west-side/

1b NY Cross Bronx Expressway http://www.nycroads.com/roads/cross-bronx/

1c NY Lower Manhattan Expressway http://www.nycroads.com/roads/lower-manhattan/

1d NY Long Island Expressway http://www.nycroads.com/roads/long-island/

1e NY Grand Central Expressway http://www.nycroads.com/roads/grand-central/

1f Divided Highways http://www.roadway.com/offroad/divhways_1.html

1g Interstates http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/summer96/p96su10.htm; http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/routefinder/index.htm#2

1h Interstates and Urban Congestion http://etext.virginia.edu/journals/EH/EH38/Norton.html

1i CA Interstates http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/06/17/MNG72JG1851.DTL&type=printable

http://www.cahighways.org/itypes.html; http://www.dot.ca.gov/interstate/CAinterstates.htm

1j Caltrans http://www.dot.ca.gov/interstate/CAinterstates.htm

1k SF Freeway Revolt http://www.bikesummer.org/1999/zine/freewayRevolt.htm

1l LA Freeways http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_California_freeways

1m Lincoln Highwayhttp://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/ah/1974/4/1974_4_32_print.shtml

1n Route 66 http://www.national66.org/66hstry.html; http://www.legendsofamerica.com/66-Info.html

 

Bridges and Tunnels

2a NY Brooklyn http://www.catskillarchive.com/rrextra/bbstory.Html; http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/brooklynbridge/timeline/

2b NY George Washington http://www.pbs.org/greatprojects/tour/bridgingny_1.html

2c NY Triborough http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/triborough/ ; http://www.nyc-architecture.com/BRI/BRI009-TriboroughBridge.htm

2dNY Whitestone http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/bronx-whitestone/

2e NY Holland Tunnel http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/holland/

2f NY Queens Midtown Tunnel http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/queens-midtown/

2g NY Brooklyn Battery Tunnel http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/brooklyn-battery/

2h SF Golden Gatehttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldengate/timeline/timeline2.html

http://pghbridges.com/articles/fieldnote_goldengate.htm

2i SF Bay http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist9/mcgloin.html; http://www.newbaybridge.org/history/

 

Rail

 

3a Transcontinental http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/tcrr/timeline/index.html

3b Southern Pacific http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Pacific_Railroad

3c NY Penn Station http://www.nyc-architecture.com/GON/GON004.htm

3d History http://www.nationalrrmuseum.org/collections-exhibits/index.php; http://www.historycentral.com/railroad/History.html

 

Air

4a Commercial Aviation History http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay_cat/8.htm

4b Boeing 707 http://www.aviation-history.com/boeing/707.html

4cNY JFK http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy_International_Airport

4d CGO O’Hare http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O'Hare_International_Airport; http://ohare.bensenville.lib.il.us/orchard.htm

4e CA SFO http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco_International_Airport

4f CA LAX http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Angeles_International_Airport; http://www.airwise.com/airports/us/LAX/LAX_07.html

 

Water

5a NY Erie Canalhttp://www.history.rochester.edu/canal/

5b CGO River http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/263.html; http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/626.html

5c Staten Island Ferry http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4282445

5d Containerization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Containerization; http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/02/05/BUGG4H2FIB1.DTL&type=printable

 

Mass Transit

6a NY IRT 1904 http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/menwhomadesubway.html

6b NY Subway History http://www.nycsubway.org/

6c LA Red Cars http://www.usc.edu/libraries/archives/la/historic/redcars/

6d SF BART http://www.bart.gov/textOnly/about/history/history_1.asp

 

Other Transport

6f NY Timeline http://www.gothamgazette.com/article//20030609/200/419

6g NY Port Authority http://www.panynj.gov/AboutthePortAuthority/HistoryofthePortAuthority/

6h Alaska Pipeline http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pipeline/filmmore/fd.html

 

II. World War II

6m CGO http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1384.html

6n SF http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/wwIIbayarea/shipbuilding.htm

6o Detroit Ford Willow Run http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=73&category=locations

 

III. Water and Hydropower

7a LA Timeline http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Reseda_HS/Waterweb/aquilarwtr/lawaterpg.html

7b LA Aqueduct to Owens http://wsoweb.ladwp.com/Aqueduct/historyoflaa/index.htm

7c LA Mulholland St. Francis Dam http://www.semp.us/biots/biot_376.html

7d LA Power http://www.usc.edu/libraries/archives/la/historic/power/

7e SF Hetch Hetchy history http://california.sierraclub.org/hetchhetchy/history.html

7f Hoover Dam http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/hoover/timeline/index.html

7g Cadillac Deserthttp://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~martins/hydro/case_studies/cadillac_desert.htm

7h Colorado Water Agreement 2006 http://www.hcn.org/servlets/hcn.PrintableArticle?article_id=16111

7i Grand Coulee Dam http://www.usbr.gov/power/data/sites/grandcou/grandcou.html

7j Columbia River Basin http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/dams7.htm

7k TVA History http://www.tva.com/abouttva/history.htm

 

IV. Housing and Buildings

8a Title I Analysis http://muse.jhu.edu/demo/brookings-wharton_papers_on_urban_affairs/v2000/2000.1quigley.html

8b Urban Renewal History http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_renewal; http://www.fanniemaefoundation.org/programs/hpd/pdf/hpd_1102_edintro.pdf

8c Urban Renewal and Growth http://www.worldfreeinternet.net/news/urban.htm

8d Urban Renewal and Aftermath http://www.fanniemaefoundation.org/programs/hpd/pdf/hpd_1102_teaford.pdf

 

8e CGO Architects http://chicago.about.com/od/architects/Chicago_Architects.htm; http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/62.html

8f NY Urban Renewal Slides http://www.laguardiawagnerarchive.lagcc.cuny.edu/defaultc.htm

8g NY Stuyvesant Town http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuyvesant_Town

8h SF SPUR http://www.spur.org/resources_pp.asp

8i SF Height Limits http://www.examiner.com/printa-496199~High_rises_a_looming_topic_once_again.html

 

V. Building Blocks

8m Elevator http://www.otis.com/aboutotis/elevatorsinfo/0,1361,CLI1,00.html#Top

8n Steel development http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel

8o High Rise structural engineering http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blskyscapers.htm

8p Asphalt http://www.hotmix.org/history.php

8q Synthetic Rubber http://www.iisrp.com/WebPolymers/00Rubber_Intro.pdf

8r Architecture History http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/contents.html

8s Plastics and Petrochemicals http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic

8t Building Green http://www.pbs.org/designe2/

8u Silicon Technologies: http://www.websofinnovation.com/svhistory.htm

 

VI. Arts and Amusement

9a NY Central Park Links http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/vt_central_park/vt_central_park.html

9b NY Ebbets Field http://www.ebbets-field.com/EbbetsFieldToday/index.htm

9c NY Crystal Palace 1853 http://www.lib.umd.edu/ARCH/honr219f/1853nyci.html

9d NY Jones Beach http://nysparks.state.ny.us/parks/print.asp?parkId=46

9d NY Riverside Park http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riverside_Park_(Manhattan)

9e NY World’s Fair 1939 http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/DISPLAY/39wf/frame.htm

9e NY World Fair 1964 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1964_New_York_World's_Fair; http://www.nywf64.com/

9f NY Lincoln Center http://www.city-journal.org/printable.php?id=7

http://archrecord.construction.com/print.asp?REF=http://archrecord.construction.com/news/daily/archives/060321lincoln.asp

9g PA Philadelphia Centennial Exposition http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centennial_Exposition

9h CGO Columbian 1893 http://users.vnet.net/schulman/Columbian/columbian.html

9i SF Pan Pacific Exposition 1915 http://www.sanfranciscomemories.com/ppie/panamapacific.html

 

VII. Leaders and Builders

9m Robert Moses

9m New Yorker http://www.newyorker.com/printables/critics/070205crsk_skyline_goldberger

9m NY Times Obituary http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/1218.html

9m Columbia Symposium http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lehmancenter/Conference%20Schedule%201-18-06.pdf

9m Park Bio http://www.nrpa.org/content/default.aspx?documentId=3785

9m Projects Links http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Robert_Moses_projects

 

Other Leaders

 

9n Jane Jacobshttp://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/25/books/25cnd-jacobs.html?ei=5090&en=a7a29ca1bd32a770&ex=1303617600&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss&pagewanted=print

 

9r Daniel Burnhamhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Burnham

9r CGO Columbia Exposition 1893 http://users.vnet.net/schulman/Columbian/columbian.html#INNOVATIONS

9r SF Plan 1906 http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/04/12/MNGQBURNHAM12.DTL&type=printable

9r CGO Plan 1909 http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/10537.html

9r CGO Lakefront Parks http://www.hydepark.org/parks/burnham/burnhamtimeline.htm

 

9s William Le Baron Jenneyhttp://www.ci.chi.il.us/Landmarks/Architects/Jenney.html

9t Louis Sullivanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Sullivan

9u Franklin Roosevelthttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/32_f_roosevelt/f_roosevelt_legacy.html

9v Herbert Hooverhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hoover

9w Frederick Olmstead http://www.newbedford.com/olmsted.html#man; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Law_Olmsted

9x Othmar Ammannhttp://www.nyc-architecture.com/ARCH/ARCH-Ammann.htm

9y Henry J. Kaiserhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_J._Kaiser

9z Bechtelhttp://www.nbm.org/Exhibits/past/2000_1996/Bechtel.html

 

VIII. Places

10a CGO Millennium Links http://www.chipublib.org/004chicago/1900/intro.html

10b CGO Encyclopedia Online http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/

10c CGO Postcards http://www.patsabin.com/illinois/

10d CGO History http://www.roosevelt.edu/chicagohistory/mod1-chap3.htm

10e CGO City of Century http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/filmmore/pt.html

10f CGO Last Boss Mayor Daley http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/films/amx0806.html

 

10g NY Neighborhood Architecture Images http://www.nyc-architecture.com/

10h NY History http://www.pbs.org/wnet/newyork/series/index.html

10i SF Earthquake & Fire http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/earthquake/filmmore/pt.html

10j Saudi Arabiahttp://www.rcjy.gov.sa/portal/default.asp?lang=eng&Branch=2&Sec=webpage&Id=87