1946 Mauchy and Eckert Develop ENIAC Digital Computer at University of Pennsylvania

 

1947 Shockley, Brittain, Bardeen Invent Transistor at Bell Labs Murray Hill New Jersey

 

1956 An Wang and Jay Forrester Patent Ramdom Access Core Memory and IBM Licsenses for Computers

 

1959 Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments and Robert Noyce of Fairchild Independently Invent Integrated Circuit

 

1953 Charles Townes Develop Maser, 1960 Arthur Schawlow and Townes Introduce Laser

 

1960-70's IBM Dominates Mainframe Computer Market, 1967+ DEC and Others Introduce Minicomputers

 

1968 Noyce, Gordon Moore, Others Leave Fairchild to Found Intel. 1971 Ted Hoff Invents Microprocessor

 

1965+ Iven Sunderland DARPA head commissions ARPANET with Robert Taylor who later heads PARC

 

1973 Vincent Cerf, Robert Kahn Develop TCP/IP for Packet Switching Arpanet that Evolves to Internet

 

1969+ PARC Innovators Create Interactive Computing Basis for Post 1984 PC's

SRI Doug Engelbart Mouse, PARC-Xeorx: Gary Stalkweather Laser Printer,

Robert Metcalfe Ethernet, Alan Kay GUI, Butler Lampson WYSIWYG

 

1972+ Wang and Other Word Processors, 1976+ Digital Photography

 

1975 Corning Scientists Keck, Mauner, Schultz Patent Fiber Optic Cable to Speed Internet Networking in 1990's

 

1975 Altair 8800 and other PC's like TRS80, Commodore, Kaypro, 1977+ Jobs, Wozniak Apple II

 

 

1980 IBM PC Initiative Results in Microprocessor from Intel

Operating System for IBM PC Acquired from Bill Gates Microsoft, not Gary Kildall Digital Research CP/M

 

1984 AT&T Split into Baby Bells, IBM Antitrust Suit Dropped, Computer and Telecommunications Barriers Fall

 

 

1985 Cisco Formed, 1993+ Chambers Leads Cisco Internet and Router and Networking Equipment

1989 Steve Case AOL, 1994 Marc Andreessen Netscape Internet Browser, 1995 Berners-Lee World Wide Web

 

1996 Amazon Rebozo and 1998 Google's Page and Brin Build Dominance in E Commerce and Internet Search

 

1973+ Cell, Smart Phones Add Mobile Communications to PC, Laptop and Other Computers on Internet

 

Can Astonishing Price to Performance Record of Electricity as Basis of IT and Telecom Innovation Continue?

Can It Spur Critically Needed Progress in Energy, Transport, Work, Water and Climate Sustainability?