1776+ Long History of Energy Growth and Development Through Technology and Innovation

 

To 2030 Energy Forecasts Indicate Ongoing Dependence on Petroleum

 

1700+ Coal and Steam Fueled Industrial Revolution in Textiles and Metals

 

1800+ Industrial Revolution to Mass Transit With Steamships and Railroads

 

1750+ Early Electric Development Culminates with Electric Induction and Motor in 1830's

 

1832-1876 Electricity Applied to Telegraph and Telephone by Morse and Bell

1881+ Edison . Applies Electricity to Lighting and Power Generation

 

1891+ Tesla Westinghouse AC Dominates Electricity Except for DC High Voltage Transmission

 

1888 - 1930's Electricity in Urban/Interurban Mass Transit Until Motor Vehicles Grow

 

1859+ Petroleum Development as Illumination Energy

 

1890+ Internal Combustion Engine Motor Vehicles Developed in Germany and France

 

1895+ Ford and Others Develop Motor Vehicles for Mass Market with Assembly Line

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1919+ Road Building to 1956 Interstate Highway Act, Sloan Modernizes GM Management

 

1900+ Petroleum Becomes Dominant Fuel for All Transportation Due to Storage and Cost

 

1950+ Large Petroleum Reserves Increasing Concentrated in Mid East, Other Sources Higher Cost

 

1973+ Petroleum Nationalizations: Rise of State Capitalism Change Energy Control

 

1968+ New Petroleum Discovered, High Costs and Limited Reserves Lead to Volatility

 

1969+ New Technologies Expand Oil and Gas Drilling Areas and Success Probability

 

1990+ Hydrocarbon Processing Technologies Become Cost Competitive as Oil Prices Rise

 

1977+ Cheap, Plentiful for Electricity, Technologies Needed to Reduce Renewable Costs

 

2011+ Electric Mass Market Gasoline Optionin Autos if Renewables and Battery Cost Improve

 

2006+ Hybrid Car Success, Plug In Hybrid Challenge of Battery Cost and Capacity

 

2010+ Battery Technology Will Improve Transport Storage,

2010+ Gas Replace of Coal and Reduce Carbon Emissions in Some Industrial and Home Electricity

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2011+ Future Nuclear Dependent on Public Fears of Disposal, Proliferation, Disasters

 

1978+ Intermittent Storage, Property Rights Limit Wind Expansion Despite Technology Advances

 

1990+ Solar Thermal Competitive, Photovoltaic Costly. Limited by Cloud Cover, Environment

 

1990+ Ethanol and Cellulose Options to Gasoline. Brazil Sugarcane Competitive, US Corn Not

 

2009+ Biotech Algae for Biodiesel and Carbon Control Potential Option to Gasoline for Transport

 

2010+ Saving Potential of Efficiency and Conservation Until New Technologies Replace Gasoline

 

2000+ Home Gas and Electricity Savings Can Be Large with Choices Based on Information

 

2000+ Retrofitting, Smart Meters, New Construction Offers Dramatic Improvement for Buildings

 

2000+ IT and Telecommunications Can Reduce Commuting and Other Auto Use

 

2020+ Potential Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Transportation, Improved Electric Grid Transmission