1776+ Long History of Energy Growth and Development Through Technology and Innovation


To 2030 Energy Forecasts Indicate Ongoing Dependence on Petroleum


1700+ Coal and Steam Fueled Industrial Revolution in Textiles and Metals


1800+ Industrial Revolution to Mass Transit With Steamships and Railroads


1750+ Early Electric Development Culminates with Electric Induction and Motor in 1830's


1832-1876 Electricity Applied to Telegraph and Telephone by Morse and Bell

1881+ Edison . Applies Electricity to Lighting and Power Generation


1891+ Tesla Westinghouse AC Dominates Electricity Except for DC High Voltage Transmission


1888 - 1930's Electricity in Urban/Interurban Mass Transit Until Motor Vehicles Grow


1859+ Petroleum Development as Illumination Energy


1890+ Internal Combustion Engine Motor Vehicles Developed in Germany and France


1895+ Ford and Others Develop Motor Vehicles for Mass Market with Assembly Line



1919+ Road Building to 1956 Interstate Highway Act, Sloan Modernizes GM Management


1900+ Petroleum Becomes Dominant Fuel for All Transportation Due to Storage and Cost


1950+ Large Petroleum Reserves Increasing Concentrated in Mid East, Other Sources Higher Cost


1973+ Petroleum Nationalizations: Rise of State Capitalism Change Energy Control


1968+ New Petroleum Discovered, High Costs and Limited Reserves Lead to Volatility


1969+ New Technologies Expand Oil and Gas Drilling Areas and Success Probability


1990+ Hydrocarbon Processing Technologies Become Cost Competitive as Oil Prices Rise


1977+ Cheap, Plentiful for Electricity, Technologies Needed to Reduce Renewable Costs


2011+ Electric Mass Market Gasoline Optionin Autos if Renewables and Battery Cost Improve


2006+ Hybrid Car Success, Plug In Hybrid Challenge of Battery Cost and Capacity


2010+ Battery Technology Will Improve Transport Storage,

2010+ Gas Replace of Coal and Reduce Carbon Emissions in Some Industrial and Home Electricity



2011+ Future Nuclear Dependent on Public Fears of Disposal, Proliferation, Disasters


1978+ Intermittent Storage, Property Rights Limit Wind Expansion Despite Technology Advances


1990+ Solar Thermal Competitive, Photovoltaic Costly. Limited by Cloud Cover, Environment


1990+ Ethanol and Cellulose Options to Gasoline. Brazil Sugarcane Competitive, US Corn Not


2009+ Biotech Algae for Biodiesel and Carbon Control Potential Option to Gasoline for Transport


2010+ Saving Potential of Efficiency and Conservation Until New Technologies Replace Gasoline


2000+ Home Gas and Electricity Savings Can Be Large with Choices Based on Information


2000+ Retrofitting, Smart Meters, New Construction Offers Dramatic Improvement for Buildings


2000+ IT and Telecommunications Can Reduce Commuting and Other Auto Use


2020+ Potential Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Transportation, Improved Electric Grid Transmission