Costs and Benefits of 20th Century Petrochemical and Electronics Modified Matter Marvels

 

Petrochemical and electronics breakthrough facilitated EDP, telecom and IT growth that replaced petrochemicals as high tech focus

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1941-97 electronic miniaturization, 1960 Silicon purification, light and chemical etching, doping, deposition for chips, 1981 IBM PC

 

Costs and Benefits from 1940-45 and since: Manhattan project and nuclear energy

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1942 Stagg Field Chicago 1st chain reaction, Central France nuclear reactor, French nuclear plants, 1986 Chernobyl explosion and meltdown

  

Costs and Benefits from 1940-45 and since: Synthetic nylon, fibers, rubber

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1953 Wash and Wear revolution of DuPont polyester, Chinese Textile Factory, Automobile tire recycling plant

 

Costs and Benefits from 1940-45 and since: Malaria, Mosquitoes and DDT

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Costs and Benefits from 1940-45 and since: Plastics, PVC, PE, PS: Plastic packaging and consumer goods

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1907+ Petrochemical based Plastics Assembly Line; 1963+ Major US Environment Legislation, 1990+ Recycling efforts, Discarded wastes in waters

 

Costs and Benefits from 1940-45 and since: Munitions and Toxic waste storage and cleanup efforts

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1940's Chemical and munitions toxic drum filled waste; 1968 NY Love Canal Niagara Falls, Superfund and other sites, Toxic waste dump sites

 

Costs and Benefits from 1975-80 and since: Technology shifts from larger petrochemical products to ever smaller computer components

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1947 Bell Labs transistor Shockley, Bardeen, Brittan; 1959 Fairchild Noyce integrated circuit; 1971 Hoff Intel microprocessor

 

Costs and Benefits from 1975-80 and since: Technology shifts from larger petrochemical products to ever faster and mobile telecommunications

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1968 Arpanet Pioneers to 1994 Internet; 1970's+ Cell phone evolution; Apple iPhone; Ewaste recycling

 

Costs and Benefits from 1975-80 and since: Technology shifts from larger petrochemical products to vast storage and processing speeds

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 1963 IBM 360 Mainframee Computer;..........USB Flash Memory Drives to 64 gb;..............4TB Wireless Cloud Personal Drive;.........Moore's Law change rate, exponential EDP growth

 

Costs and Benefits from 1975-80 and since: OPEC price hikes shift petrochemical production to Persian Gulf and Asia

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1973 Oil $3-$12/barrel, 1979 Oil $12-$36/barrel, vast wealth to oil rich countries; petrochemical shift to Persian Gulf for cheap feedstocks

 

Costs and Benefits from 1975-80 and since: Japan, Rim of Asia and China become world engines of economic growth

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1980-2020 China, Emerging, World, Advanced GDP Growth;...................1990-2020 China, US, Euro, Asia GDP Growth Rates

 

Costs and Benefits since 1989 from: End of Cold War, triumph of capitalism and free market economic systems

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1989 Fall of Berlin Wall;........................................2000+ EEU Expansion;............................1980-2012 World Trade Trend and Actual

 

Costs and Benefits since 1989 from: Changing values and economic imperatives facing younger generations

 

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New Sharing Economy;.....Sharing Economy Uber example;........Changing Corporate Values and Business Models;..........Income Gap and Tax Rates

 

Costs and Benefits since 1989 from: Lingering and ongoing international environmental abuses of oceans and atmosphere

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Ocean abuses and overuse;..............Mississippi Gul Dead Zones from fertilizer runoff;.............Carbon footprint threats and improvements;.........Urban air pollution deaths  

 

Do lessons from past to help make best choices on health biotechnology and life sciences of food and energy depend on how we use today's technology?

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Education:2001+ Wikipedia Encyclopedia; Research:1998+ Page, Brin Google; Entertainment:1972+ Video Games; Shopping: 1994 Bezos Amazon