Modified Matter Class 6 Slides: Biotech and Beyond - Food and Energy

 

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Graphic of basic photosynthesis; 1800 Jean Senebier Swiss botanist explains photosynthesis; Water and CO2 with sunlight yields oxygen and water

 

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1840 Justus von Liebig German chemist discovered nitrogen as plant nutrient; 1910 Haber Bosch ammonia process; 1910 Fritz Haber

 

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1868 Highlights of Gregor Mendel genetic experiments

 

-400 BC+ History of advances to and applications of Mendelian genetics

 

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1910 Henry Wallace four generations; 1900's George Washington Carver and Henry A. Wallace in Iowa corn fields; 1941-4 Wallace VP to FDR

 

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1920's Hybrid corn developed by Pioneer and DeKalb; 1920's Hybrid corn seed marketing; 1999 Pioneer acquired by Du Pont for $6 billion

 

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1961-2002 Arable land per person; Soil fertility highlights; 1960-2001 World fertilizer consumption; 1961-2001 US fertilizer consumption

 

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1944-1960's Norman Borlaug leads green revolution in wheat and rice productivity; 1950-2004 Wheat yield growth in Mexico, India, Pakistan

 

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1970 Norman Borlaug Nobel peace prize; 1880-2000 Population, grain and Green Revolution highlights

 

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1994 growth hormone recombinant DNA applied to milk; 1994+ Milk increase from bST treatment; 2009 Milk cow productivity in selected countries

 

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1996+ Cloning hopes for farm animals and failure to more lean and light meat pork; 1996 Process for successful Dolly sheep cloning

 

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1970 John Franz leads Monsanto glyphosate herbicide; 1996+ rDNA tests long lasting, tastier tomatoes, strawberries; others; Seed rDNA process

 

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2011 Americas, China biotech crops acres; 2011+ Top biotech foods; US GMO Crop%; Monsanto GMO seeds; GMO food research report

 

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1996-2008 Major GMO seed companies and acquisitions; FDA, EPA and USDA test and approval process for genetic modified foods (GMO)

 

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Natural and efforts for artificial photosynthesis; Potential for food, fuel, CO2 not yet cost effective

 

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Fossil energy needed for food vs. energy food output; Farm energy use % by type; Artificial photosynthesis to fuel not yet cost effective

 

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Bio-ethanol Fuels: US corn potential; Brazil established sugarcane feedstock; Bio-ethanol production options

 

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Greenhouse gas reduction from bio-ethanol feedstock's; Sugarcane 7 times more energy efficient than corn; US corn ethanol process

 

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2007-19 World bio-ethanol production by feedstock; 2011 % Biofuels by country and feedstocks; US corn to bio ethanol effects, no net CO2 reduction

 

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Bio-ethanol process from sunlight from cellulose not competitive yet; Algae biofuel process and value chain; Algae farm harvest challenge

 

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Biodiesel from Algae highlights; Electric power-biogreen algae farm for biofuel and water; 2009+ Craig Venter Exxon GM algae for biodiesel hopes

 

Electricity primary use of renewables, utility system challenges; Progress in electric storage for transport and grid; Coal declining as electricity fuel