Session 1 - Modified Matter: From Chemical Marvels to Biotech and Beyond

Big Bang to Formation of Earth, Evolution of Life and Human History to Lavoisier and Table of Elements

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-4.6 Billion Years Formation of Earth

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4.6 Billion Year + Biosphere, Life, Human Evolution

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-4 Billion First Life and Evolution Since on Earth, -225 Million Years Pangaea and Plate tectonics to Earth Today

 

Present Day Earth Western and Eastern Hemispheres from Space

 

Rock and Water Cycles forming Modified Matter of Earth Biosphere Today

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Rock and Other Climate Related Modified Matter

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Mountains and Yosemite Valley as Living Examples of Ongoing Modified Matter Evolution and Splendor

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7 million year Hominoid evolution and Time Line of Human Evolution

 

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Fire as catalyst for modified matter for heat, light, cooking; Human control of fire from about 500,000 BC

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-65,000 years beginning of Human Migration, -16,000 Bering Strait Crossing; -3,500 BC beginning of Civilizations

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-10,000 BC Mineral formation and tectonic plates in Eastern Mediterranean; -1500 Mines and mineral deposits; -1000 Cyprus Copper mine

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-2,500 Meteoric Iron, Nickel Axe; -2500 Bronze Age Smelting; -2000 Bronze Age Copper and Zinc Tools and Weapons

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-2800 - 1500 Egypt Soap from ashes, potash, tallow; -2000 Egypt glass blowing, polishing, shaping for jewelry

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-2000 BC Paint on Plaster; -2000 Papyrus in Nile shores; Papyrus to Parchment for images and texts

 

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-350 Greek Sciences: Fire, Air, Water, Earth; Aristotle adds Aether; Chinese add Metal and Wood from earth

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Early Energy: -1500 Wind for Sailing Boats; -50 BC Hero of Alexandria Fire to Create Steam; -3000 Gravity for falling water, irrigation

 

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500-1500 Dominance of Alchemy; 1550 Agricola De Re Metallica; 1543 Vesalius De Humani Corporis Fabrica; 1620 Francis Bacon Scientific Method

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1628 William Harvey Circulation; 1660 Boyle's Law Pressure Volume Gas Inverse: Robert Boyle; 1687 Isaac Newton Principia

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1736 Ward Sulfuric Acid; 1760 Diderot Encyclopedia; 1761 Black CO2, Latent & Specific Heat; 1766 Cavendish Hydrogen; 1774 Priestley Oxygen

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1785 Claude Berthollet chlorine bleaching; 1789 Antoine Lavoisier Respiration; Oxidation, Chemistry Treatise; 1791 Leblanc Sodium Carbonate

 

1803 John Dalton Atomic Theory; 1811 Avogadro Atomic weight; 1828 Berzelius Chemical notation; 1869

 

1730-1865 Highlights of Industrial Revolution: Textile, Metallurgy, Steam Engine

 

1769-1830's Factory System, Social Changes: Richard Arkwright, Water Frame; Factories; Steam Power; 1776+ Adam Smith, David Ricardo

 

1769 James Watt Patents Steam Engine Improvement; 1775 Mathew Boulton-James Watt Partnership; 1778 William Murdoch hired by Boulton-Watt

1784 Murdoch Steam Carriage Working Model; 1784 First Gas Lighting Home; 1804 Gas from Coal Tar Plant Birmingham

 

1817 Gas Street Light Baltimore; Forest to Coal to Coal Gas and Coal Tar; coal Tar Derivative Tree Predecessor to Petrochemicals