1911 Supreme Court breaks up Standard Oil; 1860-1900 Kerosene dominance ended with internal combustion engine; 1913 Burton Humphreys thermal cracking

 1938 Houdry catalytic cracking for higher octane, 1942 Continuous process fluid catalytic cracking - schematic and refinery component plants

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 1902 Du Pont cousins gain control; 1903 Experimental Station research lab; 1912 Powder trust break up, to GM and chemicals; 1927 Waldo Semon PVC

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 1920's Refinery steam cracking for olefins, aromatics; UK steam cracker; 1927 Semon makes polyvinyl chloride from ethylene and additives at BF Goodrich

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 Poly vinyl chloride (PVC) pellets; Pellet extrusion to pipe; PVC pipe; PVC electric cable insulation

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UK plants for ethylene and other olefin separation; PVC plant schematic; PVC 2nd largest petrochemical end use

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1930's Aromatic benzene raw material and derivatives important to polymerization discoveries; 1929-37 Wallace Carouthers heads DuPont polymer research;

April 1930 Carouthers team discovers nylon by polymerization; also finds and polymerizes neoprene as step to synthetic rubber

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1930's commercialization of nylon from lab to production plant; 1937 Carouthers suicide; 1939 Nylon introduction at NY Fair; 1940 war priority over stockings

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1930's Thermoses and Thermoplastic characteristics and uses; New thermoses uses; 1936 Plexiglas thermoplastic for shatterproof glass

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 1937 Dow Chemical introduces polystyrene (PS); PS production process; PS becomes 3rd largest petrochemical end use market

 1940 DuPont Better Living through Chemistry; 1910-70 Synthetic Century Assembly Line; 1939-45 Synthetic rubber production success

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1940 Waldo Semon leads Goodrich synthetic rubber R&D; 50 Synthetic rubber plants meet US war needs; Tire manufacturing evolution since WWII

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1945+ leading plastic types, products, examples, properties; 1945+ Highlights of oil and gas as petrochemical feedstocks to end use markets

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1945+ Paint and surface coatings transformed by petrochemical feedstocks; 1948 Introduction of new petrochemical products, Du Pont Plunkett's Teflon

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1953+ Wash and wear revolution led by DuPont polyester and others; Xylene fraction chemistry as path to synthetic textiles; Orlon blend of polyester and natural

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1950's Polyethylene becomes largest end use petrochemical; LDPE and LLDPE 30+MT; PE slurry loop process; PE slurry loop plant; HDPE 25 MT end use

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Range of PE Products; PE end use process and examples for HDPE, LDPE, L(inear) LDPE

 

1957 Propylene chemistry to polypropylene and others; Polypropylene product types and examples; 1954 Polyurethane examples; Hard detergent alkylate

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1967 The Graduate movie; Plastics examples, shapes, manufacturing equipment; 1960's Tupperware parties

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2015: Relationship of petrochemicals to transport use of petroleum; Level of environment, sustainability, warming threats of transport oil and petrochemicals