1945-70 Return of Commercial Aviation after War End to Boeing 747

 1945-58 Dominance of Lockheed Constellation-Electra, Douglas DC6-DC7, Boeing Stratocruiser

 

 

 

1920's through 1960's Major US Airline CEO's Provide Continuity

 

1927-69 Trippe PanAm, 1934-66 Patterson United, 1934-68 Smith American, 1935-59 Rickenbacker Eastern

 

1927-66 Woolman Delta, 1934-47 Frye TWA, 1939-66 Hughes TWA, 1936-81 Six Continental

 

1949-52 UK DeHavilland D velops and Introduces Comet Jet, Initial Success but Later Metal Fatigue Crashes

1950's US Airlines and Airplane Builders Committed to Piston Engines Except Trippe and Boeing

 

1955-8 Trippe Pushes for Large Jet to Cross Atlantic Both Ways Non-Stop, Boeing's Allen Agrees

Dash 80, 707 predecessor; Bill Allen Boeing CEO; 707 Model Cutaway; UK Comet and Boeing 707 at JFK 1958

 

1958 From Dash 80 Above, Boeing's Allen Develops 707 , PanAm Inaugurates 707 NY-Paris in October

 

1957-1962 Major US Airports Expand or Relocate to Jet Aircraft: O'Hare Chicago, Dulles DC

 

Romance of Flight Terminals at NY Idlewood Jet Airport renamed JFK: PanAm, International, TWA

 

 

1959 Douglas DC 8 Introduced Year After Boeing 707, Primarily for Domestic US Airlines

 

Boeing Introduces Medium and Short Range 727 in 1962 and 737 in 1966 for Smaller Airports

 

Enormous Acceptance and Commercial Success of Boeing 727 and 737 Ensures Boeing Jet Aircraft Dominance

 

1965 DC9 Delays to Counter 727 Weakens Douglas, Forces 1967 McDonnell Merger Despite Air Travel Rise

 

With Airport Congestion Developing, Trippe Pushes Boeing to Build 747 to Meet Soaring Air Travel Demand

 

Sutter Heads Complicated 747 Development, Allen Risks Bankruptcy to Build Jumbo Jet

 

Complicated New Powerful Engines from Pratt & Whitney Needed to Lift 747 Lift Costs, Increase Delays

 

Cargo Function of 747 Essential as It Was Erroneously Viewed as Only Transition to SST, not Queen of Sky

 

From 1969 Inaugural of 747, Reigned as Largest Jet until 2005 Airbus 380, Further Production Planned

 

1971-4 Competing Jumbo Jets by Douglas DC10, Lockheed 1011, Airbus 300 but Boeing Remainded Dominant