1919- 1939 Aviator Pathfinders and Airline Formation

 

1919 North Atlantic crossed via Azores, Newfoundland. London to Australia flight

 

1919 Alcock and Brown Vimy to Canada for non stop contest to Ireland with headwinds, Churchill award

 

Ross and Smith blaze month long path from London to Australia in Vickers Vimy

 

1927-37 Pacific Crossed and Passenger Service Established, 1924-38 Round the World flights

 

1919+ Initial Scheduled Passenger Airlines formed and consolidated, supported by subsidized air mail

 

International Airlines Speed Transport to Colonial Empires

 

1920's International passenger cabins luxurious, but accompanied by noise, bumps, air sickness

 

1919-27 Airplanes primarily for air shows, barnstorming, mail and very limited passenger service

 

1927 Lindbergh NY- Paris Solo Flight Generates Vast Passenger flight Interest in US and Europe

 

1927 Oakland to Hawaii Maitland flight, 1928 Kingsford Smith Oakland to Australia

 

1925+ Kelly air mail act and Postmaster Walter Brown subsidized air mail to force passenger service growth

 

1930 Per pound to space available subsidy for airmail forced United, American, TWA, Eastern consolidation

 

1929 Keys TAT coast to coast train -airplane service, 1930 United adds stewardesses to reduce passenger fear

 

1931, 1933 Wiley Post round the world in Vega Winnie Mae

1932 Amelia Earhart solo Vega flight to Europe, 1937 lost over Pacific

 

1934 Act returns air mail from Army to airlines, forces aircraft and airline separation, Boeing and Keys sell

 

1930's Aircraft developed for passengers as United inaugurates B-247, TWA the DC-2 and American the DC-3

CEO's 1930's to 1960's: United-Patterson, AA-Smith, EAL-Rickenbacker, TWA-Frye-TWA, Woolman-Delta

 

1930's Airlines become successful with DC-3, Martin and B-314 flying boats dominate Pacific and Atlantic flights