Recent Technologies to Aid in Energy and Food Crises Breakthroughs

 

Computer to Microprocessors

1947 ENIAC at Penn, Eckert/Mauchly, Transistor at Bell Labs Bardeen, Brittain, Shockley

1952 Univac election, Remington Rand census order, Watson Sr/Jr computer

 

1956 McClean containerization, IKE Interstates, 1957 Boeing Trippe jet transport

1959 Robert Noyce Fairchild, Jack Kilby TI, integrated circuit

1962 IBM introduces IBM 360 line transistors, circuit boards, mainframes, 7 dwarfs

1965 Moore’s law, 1968 Intel, 1971 Hoff microprocessor on chip

 

Personal Computers, Telecommunications, Networks

1968 ARPANET, MCI, 1984 Lerner Bosack Cisco, 1984 AT&T, IBM suits settled, 7 Baby Bells

1975 Altair 8800, PopularMechanics, Gates Microsoft BASIC, Altos, Xerox PARC

1977 Jobs Wozniac Apple Computer

1980 IBM PC, Bus, Intel OS DR or MS 1982 Machine of Year

 

Internet and Information Technology (IT) Applied

1995 Andresson Netscape, Berners-Lee www

Telcom for worldwide scope of info flow, small computers for sensors

 

1990’s globalization result of moving manufacturing worldwide, low transport, good IT

2000’s service jobs join factories in globalization via telecom crash of 2001

Amazon e-commerce, Google search

 

Milestones in Information Technology Applications and Energy

1970’s futures trading of oil

1990’s Enron rise and abuses

1995 Internet network interactivity and relation to development of smart electric grid

1995 Factory globalization via Internet controls, containerization

2000 Gene sequencing for human genome, biometrics rise

2000’s Service job globalization

2000’s extensive computer controls in autos

Food breakthroughs to extend genetics, hybrids, green revolution mostly in future

 

Near Term Food IT Applications

Drip irrigation and scientific irrigation timing, quantity by crop, climate

Water improvement and reuse, measures, standards, desalination/energy cost, purity

Combination of information conclusions, sensors, control meters

Reduction of energy inputs: fuel, fertilizer, pesticide, harvest time identification

 

Future Biotechnology Food Potentials

Correlation of genes and seed traits, faster, cheaper food adaptation

Artificial protein, health and other nutrients to avoid plant to meat cost such as synthetic crab, bacon bits

Ultimately artificial photosynthesis to create biofuel or food without tradeoffs and conflicts

 

Electric grid like Internet and telephone systems

Storage of electricity like server, disk drive, batteries weak link with high cost, limits, heavy

Smart meters for electric grid and IT productivity, info avail, two way transmission

Electric grid like Internet, not gas stations, transportation-electricity

Distribution for plug in hybrid in place with home electric outlets

Overnight charging for plug-ins at time when grid is at <50% capacity operation

 

Electricity Storage Complexity and Development

Efficiency of new chemistry for electric storage: petrochemical, disk storage scale analogy

Lead acid, nickel hydride, lithium ion in 10 years, what next advances?

Just in time electricity: same route, two way, hybrid engines, hydro pump to reservoir for balanced electric generation

 

 

Essential near term technology breakthroughs

Development of cost competitive cellulosic biofuel

Outlet for electricity in transportation accepted by mass market

Breakthrough battery technology to raise storage capacities

Cost and technology breakthrough of thin film photovoltaic like Nanosolar

Symbiotic algae or other carbon use of coal plant such as GreenFuel or CarbonSciences

Biotech breakthrough for both new food traits, biofuels such as seed traits and Monsanto

 

Extrapolation of progress to date

Dramatic expansion of wind technology, mainly in Plains US, Europe

Gigantic thermal solar installations in SF US and world deserts

Integration of IT venture capital funded entrepreneur advances to smart grid growth

Energy reform as driver for food help in rich countries

Education, self initiative with micro credit as catalyst for food solutions in poor countries

 

Individual based contributions to solutions

IT as base for justification of life changes on home, work, commute, travel, leisure

Conservation everywhere in saving on public, community, household, individual

Basic change of values relating to time, money, community, trust, entitlements

Populace seriousness, understanding, contribution to policy formulation & implementation

 

Public policies to support

Carbon tax, cap and trade, petroleum floor price options

Basic research, commercial application, infrastructure building funding sources

Who pays: taxes, use, tariff, borrowing, tie to financial crisis

Extent of government specific credits, incentives, mandates

Timing of dealing with energy economic and global warming issues